Sudan is the largest country in Africa. It has been ravaged by two decades of conflict between the Arab Muslim government in the North and the majority black Christian and Animist South fighting for independence. An entire region, Darfur, has been destroyed by a war that has degenerated into one of the worst conflicts in Africa.
Life expectancy in Sudan is 57 years. The mortality rate for children under the age of five is approximately 10.7%. Fifty percent of the population has no access to lifesaving medications. The doctor-to-patient ratio is 16:100,000.
In spring 2004, EMERGENCY began working in North Darfur, supporting the hospitals of Mellit and Al Fashir.
In 2005, EMERGENCY opened a Pediatric Center that provides free-of-charge health care for children in the Mayo IDP (Internally Displaced Persons) camp located on the outskirts of the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.
In 2007, EMERGENCY opened the Salam Center for Cardiac Surgery, 20 kilometers from Khartoum, and began providing completely free-of-charge, highly specialized medical and surgical assistance for heart patients from Sudan and its nine neighboring countries.
On July 5, 2010, EMERGENCY opened a Pediatric Center in Nyala, the capital of South Darfur, to provide free-of-charge health care to children. The Center will also perform cardiac screening examinations to identify cases for transfer to the Salam Center for treatment.
In December 2011, EMERGENCY opened a Pediatric Center in Port Sudan to meet a growing need as the city's population grew from 30,000 in the year 2000 to nearly 500,000 in 2007. This demographic shift is due to farmers leaving the countryside as frequency of droughts increases, and refugees fleeing to this city from the various armed conflicts of the area.
Since the beginning of its activities in Sudan, EMERGENCY has treated over 302,204 patients.