First Aid Posts, Primary Health Clinics and Other Projects
EMERGENCY’s approach to healthcare goes beyond just treatment.
It is crucial to provide assistance to ill and wounded people as quickly as possible; to broaden access to medical facilities, reaching places far away from larger hospitals; to provide even the smallest settlements with medical equipment; and to develop healthcare competencies within communities. These are some of the core aims of EMERGENCY’s network of First Aid Posts (FAPs) and Primary Healthcare Clinics (PHCs). In Afghanistan, a lack of healthcare facilities and hazardous road conditions means that hundreds of thousands of people living in remote areas of the country are denied the right to be cured. 70% of the population is rural. Our network of FAPs and PHCs works to overcome these challenges.
Since 1999, EMERGENCY has worked to establish a network of over 40 FAPs and PHCs throughout the country, in order to provide prompt treatment to the population of the most remote areas and to regions lacking healthcare facilities; such as the Panjshir Valley and the Salang Pass, as well in the provinces of Kabul, Kapisa, Logar, Ghazni, Parwan, Badakhshan, and Helmand.
National staff (trained by EMERGENCY) work alongside our international staff to provide primary healthcare and first aid. Patients suffering from serious conditions or injuries are stabilized and subsequently transferred to EMERGENCY hospitals by an ambulance service which operates 24/7. Half of patients treated in 2019 came from FAPs. As of June 2020, our network of FAPs and PHCs has seen over 4,564,868 clinical visits and has transferred 111,727 patients to hospital for specialist treatment.
In many of our Panjshir, Parwan, and Kapisa Primary Healthcare Clinics we have launched antenatal and postnatal care programmes, thanks to the presence of local midwives. In 2016 alone, these PHCs delivered over 13,000 obstetric and gynecological consultations and allowed for the safe referral of more than 700 women. EMERGENCY is also part of the Afghan Ministry of Health’s national vaccination program, welcoming government vaccinators in some PHCs.
EMERGENCY’s presence in Afghanistan has enabled us to gain an understanding of the needs of local populations and, following specific requests made by local authorities, the scope of our activities in Afghanistan has gradually widened. The needs of local people led EMERGENCY to work in areas that are not confined only to war surgery. We have, for example, overseen a variety of projects, including: the prevention of leishmaniasis (an infectious disease); renovation of a school in Anabah; renovation of the Mirbachakot public gardens; and a social support program for widows in the Panjshir Valley.
The right to treatment is a fundamental human right that must be guaranteed to all people, without any form of discrimination. For this reason, since 2001 we have offered healthcare assistance to inmates in Afghan prisons. Today, we manage and run five Healthcare Centers inside Kabul’s Pol-i-Charki, which with over 10,000 inmates is Afghanistan’s largest prison. Here we receive on average 4,300 visits a month, largely for infectious diseases or respiratory and digestive conditions, which are caused overwhelmingly by living conditions in the prison. Our staff also provide support to local authorities in the Healthcare Centers of the Kabul Government Jail, Investigation Department, Transition Prison, Women’s Prison, and Juvenile Rehabilitation Center. Our activities in the Women’s Prison, interrupted in 2016, were resumed in January 2017. Where required, patients are referred to our Kabul Surgical Centre. As of December 2019, across these prisons we treated a total of 1,102,578 patients.
EMERGENCY also offers medical assistance within two Kabul orphanages.
First Aid Posts (FAPs) and Healthcare Centres
Locations: Anabah, Abdara, Dara, Darband, Dasht-e-Rewat, Khinch, Paryan, Gulbahar, Kabul, Kapisa, Koklamy, Oraty, Changaram, Anjuman, Sangi Khan, Shutul, Said Khil, Poli Sayad, Mirbachakot, Maydan Shahr, Mehterlam, Ghazni, Chark, Gardez, Pul-e-Alam, Grishk, Garmsir, Musa Qala, Marjia, Urmuz, Tagab, Andar, Sheikhabad, Hesarak, Ghorband, Barakibarak, Sangin, Shoraki
Local staff members: 354
Outpatient consultations: 4.717.430
Patients referred to hospitals: 116,818
Outpatient Clinics Within Prisons
Check-ups in the 6 Kabul prisons in 2018 (Governmental Jail, Investigation Department, Female Jail, Pol-e-Charki, Juvenile Rehabilitation Centre, Transition Prison): 1,119,935
Local staff members: 27
Duab Prison: 694 patients examined and treated from 2001 to 2003.
Shebergan Prison: 13,338 patients examined and treated from May 2002 to June 2004.
Lashkar-Gah Prison: 1,880 patients examined and treated from February 2006 to December 2007.
(Data correct as of December 2020)
Primary healthcare clinics in the female and male orphanages since 2009.
Male Orphanages: 3,269 OPD consultations and 78 referrals from January until November 2019.
Female Orphanages: 2,434 OPD consultations and 22 referrals from January until November 2019.
(Data correct as of December 2020)